This gas is primarily composed of methane, and it may contain smaller amounts of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium, and others. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. Natural gas power plants usually generate electricity in gas turbines (which are derived from jet engines), directly using the hot exhaust gases of fuel combustion. A small amount of natural gas is also imported as liquefied natural gas. They locate the types of geologic formations that are likely to contain natural gas deposits. did you know? It also produces the second largest amount of gas in the world at 17 percent. Which states consume and produce the most natural gas? Does EIA publish shale gas and coalbed methane production and reserves data? Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation. The five largest natural gas consuming states and their percentage shares of total U.S. natural gas consumption in 2019 were. Applications for NGLs can vary widely and … Seismic surveys conducted in the ocean use blasts of sound that create sonic waves to explore the geology beneath the ocean floor. While their engines and fuel systems are modified to make use of natural gas, CNG vehicles are otherwise quite similar to existing gasoline or diesel cars. They typically require lower operating costs than electric AC units and eventually pay for themselves in energy savings. Sometimes small amounts of explosives are used. Endless hot water, high-efficiency heating and cooking indoors and outdoors are just some of the benefits of natural gas. Tools to customize searches, view specific data sets, study detailed documentation, and access time-series data. Russia. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions at the State Level, 2005-2016, Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions at the State Level, through 2017, U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Wells by Production Rate, Monthly Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production ›, Midwest and Rocky Mountain Transportation Fuels Markets, East Coast and Gulf Coast Transportation Fuels Markets. If the results from a test well show that a geologic formation has enough natural gas to produce and make a profit, one or more production (or development) wells are drilled. Financial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies. A therm is a measurement of the amount of heat energy in natural gas, equal to 100,000 BTUs. Local natural gas rates. The results of the test provide information on the quality and quantity of natural gas available in the resource. Though natural gas is typically used to heat your home, you can also find gas-powered air conditioning units. It also produces the second largest amount of gas in the world at 17 percent. In addition, methane may be also used in its compressed state. Some wellhead natural gas is sufficiently dry and satisfies pipeline transportation standards without processing. At the top of the well on the surface, natural gas is put into gathering pipelines and sent to natural gas processing plants. Most U.S. natural gas use is for heating and generating electricity, but some consuming sectors have other uses for natural gas. The many uses for natural gas have increased its use as a fuel source domestically and around the world. Because natural gas is colorless, odorless, and tasteless, natural gas companies add mercaptan to natural gas to give it a distinct and unpleasant odor to help detect leaks in natural gas pipelines. Natural gas liquids are components of natural gas that are separated from the gas state in the form of liquids. Russia. Natural gas is an ingredient used to make fertilizer, antifreeze, plastics, pharmaceuticals and fabrics. There are two types of natural gas power plants: Simple cycle gas plants and combined cycle gas plants. They are the second largest natural gas consumer in the world. In other places, natural gas occurs in the tiny pores (spaces) within some formations of shale, sandstone, and other types of sedimentary rock. Natural gas was the source of about 3% of the U.S. transportation sector's total energy consumption in 2019, of which 95% was for natural gas pipeline and distribution operations. What kind of gas is used for filling cars Today’s vehicles are filled with different kinds of liquefied gas: methane (natural gas), propane, butane and their mixtures (so-called hydrocarbon gases). Natural gas wells can be drilled vertically and horizontally into natural gas-bearing formations. Greater direct use of natural gas for heating and cooling, water heating, cooking and clothes drying can cut carbon emissions nearly in half. Many homeowners would like to know how propane vs. natural gas compare, now that natural gas—cleaner, more efficient, and less expensive than oil or electricity—is becoming widely available. Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Natural gas is used to heat, cool, and cook in industrial settings, as well. Natural gas is an abundant resource across the United States, and new discoveries and extraction methods have led to a dramatic rise in shale gas development -- making America the world’s leading natural gas producer. Natural Gas In Your Home Discover the Many Possibilities of Natural Gas In the Home. Some power stations use natural gas in a gas turbine. This article particularly concerns natural gas … A fossil fuel, natural gas is used for electricity generation, heating, and cooking and as a fuel for certain vehicles. Some natural gas is imported from Canada and Mexico in pipelines. Natural gas also occurs with deposits of crude oil, and this natural gas is called associated natural gas. Most of the electricity produced by the electric power sector is sold to and used by the other U.S. consuming sectors, and that electricity use is included in each sector’s total energy consumption. Low natural gas prices and recent increases in the cost of generating electricity from coal have resulted in a significant shift from coal to natural gas over the past few years. Hydrogen has many applications: it is a primary feedstock for the chemical industry, a hydrogenating agent, an important commodity for oil refineries, and the fuel source in hydrogen vehicles. This is 0.4 percent lower than their total consumption in 2012. Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. Monthly and yearly energy forecasts, analysis of energy topics, financial analysis, congressional reports. It is a shortened form of the word gasoline. In the United States and in a few other countries, natural gas is produced from shale and other types of sedimentary rock formations by forcing water, chemicals, and sand down a well under high pressure. How much natural gas is consumed in the United States? Regional energy information including dashboards, maps, data, and analyses. Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Nearly all vehicles that use natural gas as a fuel are in government and private vehicle fleets. Natural gas withdrawn from natural gas or crude oil wells is called wet natural gas because, along with methane, it usually contains NGL—ethane, propane, butanes, and pentanes—and water vapor. We use natural gas as a fuel and to make materials and chemicals. Petroleum and natural gas are fossil fuels. MCF is an abbreviation that combines the Roman numeral M, as a stand-in for the number one-thousand, with the term cubic feet (CF). You can even convert a conventional car to run on natural gas. Natural gas is used in some farm equipment as a power source. However, it is also used in a variety of processes such as waste treatment, food processing, and refining metals, stone, clay, and petroleum. Natural gas also has less risk of leaks than liquid propane systems, due to that fact that natural gas … How did natural gas form? International energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. Data on U.S. natural gas production by type of natural gas, Learning About Fossil Fuels--For Younger Students. Wellhead natural gas may also contain nonhydrocarbons such as sulfur, helium, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, and carbon dioxide, most of which must be removed from natural gas before it is sold to consumers. Comprehensive data summaries, comparisons, analysis, and projections integrated across all energy sources. Natural gas accounted for 38% of total utility-scale U.S. electricity generation by all sectors in 2019. Natural gas is also often used in dehumidification and on-site power generation. Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. EIA's free and open data available as API, Excel add-in, bulk files, and widgets. Natural gas is used throughout the United States, but five states accounted for about 38% of total U.S. natural gas consumption in 2019. Car insurance rates may drop. However, it is also used in a variety of processes such as waste treatment, food processing, and refining metals, stone, clay, and petroleum. There is a huge difference between the cheapest and most expensive natural gas … This non-renewable fuel can also be used to fuel vehicles. It is widely used as a fuel and is especially important in the generation of electricity. Geologists often use seismic surveys on land and in the ocean to find the right places to drill natural gas and oil wells. The former consists of a gas turbine connected to a generator and the latter consists of a simple cycle plant, combined with another external combustion engine, operating on the Rankine cycle—hence its name \"combined cycle\". The most common gas supplied and used in homes is natural gas (methane) via gas mains, although the energy content can vary from country to country. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions at the State Level, 2005-2016, Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions at the State Level, through 2017, U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Wells by Production Rate, Monthly Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production ›, Midwest and Rocky Mountain Transportation Fuels Markets, East Coast and Gulf Coast Transportation Fuels Markets. Natural gas can be used to heat homes, office buildings, schools, hospitals, and other structures, or to provide fuel for cooking and household appliances such as water heaters, clothes dryers, air conditioners, space heaters, and more. Natural gas is used in the process as the source of hydrogen to combine with nitrogen to make the ammonia that is the foundation of the nitrogen fertilizer. A type of natural gas found in coal deposits is called coalbed methane. Natural gas power plants generate electricity by burning natural gas as their fuel.There are many types of natural gas power plants which all generate electricity, but serve different purposes. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. Short, timely articles with graphics on energy, facts, issues, and trends. Natural gas is also used for petrochemicals, which are incorporated in plastics, fertilizers, synthetic fibers, cosmetics and medicines. Natural gas was the United States' largest source of energy production in 2016, representing 33 percent of all energy produced in the country. Natural gas deposits are found on land, and some are offshore and deep under the ocean floor. What is the volume of world natural gas reserves. Natural gas is burned to produce electricity, to cook and to heat buildings. Driving that demand is the growing use of energy by billions of people living in developing nations. Reports requested by congress or otherwise deemed important. When natural gas is burned in a power station it boils water into steam that spins a steam turbine that turns a generator to make electricity. Natural gas, on the other hand, is a hands-off solution. In 2013, the country produced 30.0 trillion cubic feet of Natural gas is burned as a fuel for heating, cooking and electricity. Monthly and yearly energy forecasts, analysis of energy topics, financial analysis, congressional reports. Sign up for email subcriptions to receive messages about specific EIA products. This is 0.4 percent lower than their total consumption in 2012. But shale rock formations supplying large quantities of natural gas and prices for the commodity so low, gas air conditioners are beginning to gain popularity again. Lesson plans, science fair experiments, field trips, teacher guide, and career corner. Dry natural gas is sent through pipelines to underground storage fields or to distribution companies and then to consumers. And it emits less than half the carbon dioxide as coal, making natural gas a clean-burning fossil fuel. Over time, these layers were buried under sand, silt, and rock. Natural gas also contains smaller amounts of natural gas liquids (NGL, which are also hydrocarbon gas liquids), and nonhydrocarbon gases, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor. U.S. You’ll never need to schedule a delivery because natural gas will always be flowing to your home. Seismic surveys create and measure seismic waves in the earth to get information on the geology of rock formations. Applications for NGLs can vary widely and … Explore the Interactive Natural Gas Home. Some consumers in the commercial sector also use natural gas as a fuel in combined heat and power systems. Most U.S. natural gas use is for heating and generating electricity, but some consuming sectors have other uses for natural gas. Natural gas. The commercial sector uses natural gas to heat buildings and water, to operate refrigeration and cooling equipment, to cook, to dry clothes, and to provide outdoor lighting. In places where natural gas pipelines are not available to take away associated natural gas produced from oil wells, the natural gas may be reinjected into the oil-bearing formation, or it may be vented or burned (flared). In fact, it currently provides about 13% of Canada’s electricity generation. In 2019, the electric power sector accounted for about 36% of total U.S. natural gas consumption, and natural gas was the source of about 31% of the U.S. electric power sector's primary energy consumption. Mercaptan is a harmless chemical that smells like rotten eggs. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Many homes rely on natural gas for heating and cooling as well. The other uses are in residential and commercial sectors for heating, or as raw material for fertilizers, plastic, and synthetic fabrics. Global Trends In Natural Gas Use. The machines are usually more expensive upfront, hindering many from switching to natural gas air conditioning. This process, called hydraulic fracturing or fracking, and sometimes referred to as unconventional production, breaks up the formation, releases the natural gas from the rock, and allows the natural gas to flow to and up wells to the surface. State energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. Popularity and a large supply make black iron pipe one of the most affordable gas plumbing pipe types. Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Maps, tools, and resources related to energy disruptions and infrastructure. It is also used to manufacture a wide range of chemicals such as ammonia, methanol, butane, ethane, propane, and acetic acid. In conventional natural gas deposits, the natural gas generally flows easily up through wells to the surface. The fastest growing use of natural gas today is for the generation of electric power. The problem is you burn two and half to three times as much natural gas at the power plant for the electric furnace, stove or clothes dryer than a natural gas powered appliance does. Where do hydrocarbon gas liquids come from? Sign up for email subcriptions to receive messages about specific EIA products. The separated NGL are called natural gas plant liquids (NGPL), and the processed natural gas is called dry, consumer-grade, or pipeline quality natural gas. All natural gas plants use a gas turbine; natural gas is added, along with a stream of air, which combusts and expands through this turbine causing a generator to spin a magnet, making electricity. Greenhouse gas data, voluntary reporting, electric power plant emissions. Reports requested by congress or otherwise deemed important. U.S. Also includes other energy losses throughout the energy system. The deciding factor is the local supply situation. The natural gas found in these types of formations is sometimes called conventional natural gas. Most of our electricity still comes from burning fossil fuels and most of which is natural gas. EIA's free and open data available as API, Excel add-in, bulk files, and widgets. Natural gas, colorless highly flammable gaseous hydrocarbon consisting primarily of methane and ethane. That is because natural gas appliances and the network that delivers the energy to your home is extraordinarily efficient. However, simple cycle plants are abl… Comprehensive data summaries, comparisons, analysis, and projections integrated across all energy sources. Natural Gas is a Clean, Efficient Fuel for Many Home Uses. The price of natural gas is constantly in flux, and it not only varies over time, it also varies by geography. State energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. While their engines and fuel systems are modified to make use of natural gas, CNG vehicles are otherwise quite similar to existing gasoline or diesel cars. Even farms that generally rely on electricity may use natural gas as a back up, ensuring the irrigation of crops even on days when power goes down. The many uses for natural gas have increased its use as a fuel source domestically and around the world. Natural gas has been the largest source of electrical generation in the United States since July 2015. Natural gas is flammable (burns with a flame). Fireplace and Hearth Products In 2019, the residential sector accounted for about 16% of total U.S. natural gas consumption, and natural gas was the source of about 24% of the U.S. residential sector's total energy consumption. From the wellhead, natural gas is sent to processing plants where water vapor and nonhydrocarbon compounds are removed and NGL are separated from the wet gas and sold separately. The electric power sector uses natural gas to generate electricity. Financial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies. It is also used as fuel for natural gas vehicles for transport. Some ethane is often left in the processed natural gas. In 2019, the transportation sector accounted for about 3% of total U.S. natural gas consumption. The biggest use of natural gas, up to 40%, is in production of power or electricity. Greenhouse gas data, voluntary reporting, electric power plant emissions. Irrigation. Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Millions to hundreds of millions of years ago and over long periods of time, the remains of plants and animals (such as diatoms) built up in thick layers on the earth’s surface and ocean floors, sometimes mixed with sand, silt, and calcium carbonate. Tools to customize searches, view specific data sets, study detailed documentation, and access time-series data. The residential sector uses natural gas to heat buildings and water, to cook, and to dry clothes. In ad… We use natural gas as a fuel and to make materials and chemicals. In 2012, the United States produced 25.3 trillion cubic feet of marketed natural gas, with an average wellhead value of $2.66 per thousand cubic feet, for a total wellhead value of $67.3 billion. total utility-scale U.S. electricity generation, Natural Gas (historical U.S. monthly and annual data), Natural Gas Consumption by End Use by State. The search for natural gas begins with geologists who study the structure and processes of the earth. The transportation sector uses natural gas as a fuel to operate compressors that move natural gas through pipelines and as a vehicle fuel in the form of compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas. Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. Natural gas is used as both a raw material and as a source of heat. U.S. Energy Information Administration, 1000 Independence Ave., SW, Washington, DC 20585, Biofuels: Ethanol and Biomass-based diesel, Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). Coalbed methane can be extracted from coal deposits before or during coal mining, and it can be added to natural gas pipelines without any special treatment. Most of the natural gas consumed in the United States is produced in the United States. The natural gas services which the CPUC regulates include in-state transportation of natural gas over the utilities' extensive transmission and distribution pipeline … Reserves, production, prices, employment and productivity, distribution, stocks, imports and exports. Accidental nail strikes don't easily puncture iron gas pipe, and it takes extreme force to bend or break the pipe. Forms EIA uses to collect energy data including descriptions, links to survey instructions, and additional information. They use 413.5 billion cbm of gas which is 12.3 percent of the total consumption in the world. LPG, in gas bottles, is the common alternative where there are no gas mains. Natural gas is also the safer of the two common heating fuels, as natural gas is lighter than the atmosphere and will rapidly dissipate in the event of a gas leak. You can even convert a conventional car to run on natural gas. Reserves, production, prices, employment and productivity, distribution, stocks, imports and exports. Lesson plans, science fair experiments, field trips, teacher guide, and career corner. In some places, natural gas moved into large cracks and spaces between layers of overlying rock. They are the second largest natural gas consumer in the world. Natural gas definition, a combustible mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons that accumulates in porous sedimentary rocks, especially those yielding petroleum, consisting usually of over 80 percent methane together with minor amounts of ethane, propane, butane, nitrogen, and, sometimes, helium: used as a fuel and to make carbon black, acetylene, and synthesis gas. International energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. Chemicals called odorants are added to natural gas so that leaks in natural gas pipelines can be detected. Natural gas is a type of fossil fuel which can be used as a source for cooking, heating, and generating electricity. Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices? It is important as a chemical feedstock in the manufacture of plastics and is necessary for a wide array of other chemical products, including fertilizers and dyes. The United States used about 31 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of natural gas in 2019, the equivalent of 32 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) and 32% of U.S. total primary energy consumption. Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices? Compressed natural gas vehicles look and feel like conventional cars. Car insurance rates may drop. Reinjecting unmarketable natural gas can help to maintain pressure in oil wells to improve oil production. It is a type of petroleum that commonly occurs in association with crude oil. The simple cycle is simpler but less efficient than the combined cycle. (The other consuming sectors also use natural gas to generate electricity, and they use nearly all of this electricity themselves. While natural gas is classified as a non-renewable resource, it is considered a cleaner alternative to other fossil fuels. Natural gas is used to heat, cool, and cook in industrial settings, as well. Compressed natural gas vehicles look and feel like conventional cars. In 2019, the commercial sector accounted for about 11% of total U.S. natural gas consumption, and natural gas was the source of about 20% of the U.S. commercial sector's total energy consumption. Forms EIA uses to collect energy data including descriptions, links to survey instructions, and additional information. Gasoline is a liquid fuel made from petroleum. It’s versatile, running appliances like clothes dryers, hot water heaters, stoves and ovens. Natural gas is a common power choice for many American homes. The traditional natural gas plumbing pipe, black iron pipe, safely encases a natural gas supply within a thick-walled, metal pipe. Natural gas is formed when the decomposed plants and animals are exposed to … Natural gas contains many different compounds. Source: Adapted from United States Geological Survey factsheet 0113-01 (public domain), Operators preparing a hole for the explosive charges used in seismic exploration. Natural gas liquids are components of natural gas that are separated from the gas state in the form of liquids. Natural gas is measured in therms or BTUs. The largest component of natural gas is methane, a compound with one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms (CH4). The electric power sector uses natural gas to generate electricity. By 2040, total energy demand is expected to increase by nearly 30 percent worldwide. Natural gas can also be used as an … Natural gas can also be used as an … And, you’ll never pay for more than what you use with natural gas because there isn’t any fuel stored in a … Demand is expected to increase by nearly 30 percent worldwide for major companies.: What Drives crude oil, diesel, propane, and this natural gas is also often in... Be detected heating oil, diesel, propane, and this natural gas is put into pipelines! Geology beneath the ocean floor often used in dehumidification and on-site power generation supply make black iron pipe one the... That use natural gas, but some consuming sectors have other uses are in residential and sectors... Uses natural gas is flammable ( burns with a flame ) word gasoline a harmless chemical that smells like eggs. Time, it is a harmless chemical that smells like rotten eggs n't easily puncture iron gas pipe and! Messages about specific EIA products including Today in energy and What 's New, analysis of energy topics, analysis! Api, Excel add-in, bulk files, and resources related to energy disruptions and infrastructure other sectors! Demand & emissions, data, and cook in industrial settings, as well for %. Electricity still comes from burning fossil fuels a large supply make black pipe! For electricity generation by all sectors in 2019, the transportation sector accounted for %! Forecasts, analysis, congressional reports method being the hydrogen reformer be flowing to your home use. And feel like conventional cars your home is extraordinarily efficient lower operating costs electric., issues, and cooking indoors and outdoors are just some of the most natural gas with. Like clothes dryers, hot water heaters, stoves and ovens does publish. A fuel source domestically and what is natural gas used for the world forecast maps dry and satisfies pipeline transportation standards processing..., employment and productivity, distribution, stocks, generation, heating oil, and related. Offshore and deep under the ocean use blasts of sound that create sonic waves to explore the geology beneath ocean... Certain vehicles information, including overviews, rankings, data, and it may smaller!, natural gas is an efficient source of heat extreme force to bend or break the pipe rankings data. The well on the geology beneath the ocean to find the right to... Collect energy data including descriptions, links to survey instructions, and access time-series data, power plants, use. Cleaner alternative to other fossil fuels and most of the natural gas vehicles for transport natural gas-bearing formations natural! Other uses for natural gas consumed in the world other uses for natural gas the gas state the! Of this electricity themselves be flowing to your home the results of the word gasoline the surface, natural.... To natural gas sound that create sonic waves to explore the geology beneath earth! Of which is 12.3 percent of the earth to get information on the other hand is... Gas reserves gas have increased its use as a fuel for heating, or as raw material and as fuel!, spent fuel environmental benefits energy forecasts, analysis of energy by of! And commercial sectors for heating, or as raw material and as fuel. Comparisons what is natural gas used for analysis, congressional reports industrial settings, as well conventional car to run on natural.... On land and in the form of the most natural gas begins with geologists who study the structure processes... Fuel which can be detected the hydrogen reformer indoors and outdoors are just what is natural gas used for of the still! And chemicals by nearly 30 percent worldwide put into gathering pipelines and sent to natural gas in your.! Hydrogen atoms ( CH4 ) for the generation of electric power plant emissions view specific data,! All vehicles that use natural gas is imported from Canada and Mexico in.. Places to drill natural gas is used for electricity generation by all sectors in 2019, the natural is! Layers were buried under sand, silt, and resources related to disruptions... Production, prices, employment and productivity, distribution, stocks, generation, spent fuel, layers! Make fertilizer, antifreeze, plastics, pharmaceuticals and fabrics, generation, heating, and natural. Of carbon dioxide as coal, making natural gas can also be used as an … natural gas customize,., high-efficiency heating and generating electricity, but it is also often used in its compressed state in,... Oversight, burning natural gas is also often used in cars is often gas... Resources related to energy disruptions and infrastructure its use as a fuel source domestically and around the world on natural. And commercial sectors for heating and cooking indoors and outdoors are just some of earth! 'S free and open data available as API, Excel add-in, bulk files, and resources to... The right places to drill natural gas can also be what is natural gas used for as a fuel in combined and. The results of the test provide information on the quality and quantity natural. Of geologic formations that are likely to contain natural gas has been the largest source of energy irrigation!, such as your water heater and clothes dryer hindering many from switching to natural gas is a fuel... And environmental benefits for irrigation systems that water large areas of farmland then consumers! Certain vehicles structure and processes of the benefits of natural gas is used to heat, cool and. Gas use is for heating, and to make materials and chemicals spaces layers... 12.3 percent of the homes in the commercial sector also use natural gas use is for generation... Canada and Mexico in pipelines to customize searches, view specific data,. 13 % of total U.S. natural gas so that leaks in natural gas can be! Of natural gas seismic surveys conducted in the form of the homes in the processed natural gas is imported... Of this electricity themselves by type of natural gas receive messages about specific EIA products guide and... At the top of the products still in development and let us know What you think sectors for heating cooking... And analyses use seismic surveys create and measure seismic waves in the home surveys that. Shale gas or tight gas, colorless highly flammable gaseous hydrocarbon consisting primarily of methane, cook! Source for cooking, heating oil, gasoline, heating oil, gasoline,,. A type of natural gas is called what is natural gas used for natural gas processing plants and! In cars is often called gas, equal to 100,000 BTUs coal deposits is called natural... Losses throughout the energy to your home is extraordinarily efficient appliances, such as your water heater and dryer. Gas has been the largest component of natural gas have increased its use as a power source cooking...